How to save electricity in a private home? In their home, the owner has to spend extra funds on outdoor lighting and heating. Therefore, in order not to have a big difference between the city budget and the "private", it is necessary to start optimizing energy consumption. You can save money with a few tricks, a simple reduction in consumption, as well as changing meters.
Top Ways to Save
There are legal and illegal ways to save money. Illegal options should not be used because of immorality. Such "savings" are considered fraudulent. In this regard, when checking the owner can be punished. However, in the private sector, meter checks are rarely performed.
How to save electricity in a private home - tricks:
- uses grounding;
- streamline energy consumption by replacing old appliances with new ones;
- use energy saving lamps;
- to teach family members to turn off lights and appliances constantly;
- avoid the "standby" state of electrical equipment;
- using a way out of the old counters, stop the drum;
- disconnect the meter from the power grid;
- install a multi-tariff meter;
- use a strong magnet;
- use a battery;
- make an intelligent heating system.
All points are detailed below.
Old Counterattack Tricks
If the meter is old it is easy to unplug it, ground it or use a magnet. But the easiest way is to use thin wire. The algorithm is as follows:
- makes a thin hole in the counter cover;
- a thin wire is inserted into the hole;
- the wire blocks the drum, and it stops spinning, meaning it no longer counts electricity.
This method is illegal. Other techniques that can be used on an old instrument are magnetization and earthing.
Using a magnet to save money
Inheritance models do not have a seal to prevent magnetization. However, this does not eliminate the risk of a verification team appearing in the private sector to check the meter magnetization level. Factory equipment has a neutral magnetic field, and those in which a trick with a magnet is used - modified. Therefore, this method should be used with caution.
Use only strong magnet - neodymium to change readings. They pay easily: small pieces in a set of 20. cost about 1000 rubles. Neodymium magnets are sold in a particularly dense case, which is no coincidence: the magnetic elements are easily pulled from the iron by a distance of 30 cm or less. To detach the magnetic strip from the iron, you must have fabric or foam between these elements.
How to save electricity in a private home using a magnet? The magnet should be wrapped in a cloth, then glued to the meter. To prevent the glass elements from breaking and excavations from appearing in the hut (the magnet pulls very quickly), you should place your hand between the counter and the neodymium when you bring it in, and then remove it slowly.
Earthing for meter bypass
How to save electricity in a private home using grounding? The zero contact is closed in the electrical circuit of the energy meter and transmits information about the energy consumed. If zero contact is grounded, then counting will stop going. In apartment buildings, grounding is complicated: the wire can only be diverted to the water supply of the occupants located below the riser. This is fraught with an electric shock. In private homes, it is enough to bring the wire to the ground.
Energy efficiency and replacement of electrical equipment
The main factor in saving electricity is optimizing its use. A private homeowner should learn:
- turns off the light in the rooms from which it exits for a short time;
- disconnect electrical equipment from the grid that does not work permanently;
- choose the right technique.
The technical equipment in the home - both the wiring and the equipment itself - must be modern. Modern appliances consume half the energy. To save electricity, it would be rational to buy energy saving lamps. They cost more than incandescent bulbs, but are also brighter. They pay quickly because they consume several times less energy.
Light requires special attention. When working at a table, turn off the overhead light and leave the table lamp on. At dusk, it is enough to use not the maximum way of the chandelier, but 1-2 lamps. To save money, dimmers are convenient - circular switches that allow you to adjust the brightness level.
Many electrical appliances are constantly in a state of "standby". They plug in and consume a small percentage of power, but have no function. TVs, microwaves, chargers, computers, if not currently in use, should be turned off.
Updated counters operate at different rates. Depending on the region, there are two or three modes - day and night or day, evening and night. Depending on the mode, kilowatts of energy cost differently. Since CHP plants generate 30% less energy at night, the rate per kilowatt decreases at night. Therefore, washing machines, heating appliances, air conditioners should be turned on at night. This is especially true for homes with an electric boiler, if there is no gas for heating.
Alternative method - save on batteries
How to save electricity in a private home using a battery? A simple method involves replacing most LED devices with batteries. At night or at night, a portable flashlight with batteries is enough to walk down the street, walk through the gate to the house and go to the toilet. This is a free change of motion sensors - the lights only come on when you move around the house and there is no extra cost to install the sensors.